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Reading Activities and Teaching Resources for Kindergarten

Ah, kindergarten, home to those unforgettable reams of primary ruled paper, bags of cotton balls, and glue sticks galore. What a time to be alive!

In kindergarten, students spend the year developing foundational literacy skills so they can move to first grade with the ability to sound out simple words, print letters, understand and recognize phonemes, and comprehend simple texts.

For a more comprehensive look at eSpark's standards-aligned kindergarten reading teaching resources, check out the breakdown of covered domains and the skills students will be working on here:

Some of the skills students will master in eSpark include:

Reading Foundational Skills

  • Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page.
  • Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words.
  • Recognize and produce rhyming words.
  • Understand that words are separated by spaces in print.
  • Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page.
  • Add or substitute individual sounds.
  • Meet kindergarten phonics, phonemic awareness, and phonological awareness objectives.

Reading Literature

  • Ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
  • Retell stories and demonstrate the understanding of them.
  • Retell familiar stories, including key details.
  • Understand the difference between fiction and non-fiction.
  • Identify narrators in a story.
  • Describe the relationship between illustrations and the story in which they appear.
  • Identify poems.


  • Identify real-life connections between words and their use.
  • Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs.
  • Sort common objects into categories.
  • Demonstrate understanding of frequently occurring verbs.
  • Use clues to find the meaning of an unknown word.

Reading Informational Text

  • Ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.
  • Name the author and illustrator of a text.
  • Ask and answer questions to find the meaning of unfamiliar words and phrases.
  • Identify the author’s purpose in different texts.
  • Compare and contrast two texts of the same topic.

eSpark is truly unique in the world of online learning. Our holistic, student-centered approach blends the proven benefits of play-based learning with systematic, explicit, and direct instruction. It’s proof that learning can be fun, personalized, and effective, all at once!

eSpark meets the criteria for evidence-based interventions under ESSA guidelines, and has been proven in multiple studies to improve student performance in math and reading.

When you sign up for an eSpark account, your students experience these activities via adaptive, differentiated independent pathways and teacher-driven small group assignments. Teachers also have access to detailed usage and progress reports with valuable insights into standards mastery, student growth trends, and intervention opportunities.

With the addition of the game-changing Choice Texts for the 2023-2024 school year, eSpark has cemented its status as the most loved supplemental instruction option for students and teachers alike. Claim your free account today and see the difference for yourself!