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Math Activities and Teaching Resources for Kindergarten

Who can forget the days of counting with fingers, writing a few too many backwards 3s, and coming to the realization that a rotated triangle is still a triangle? Kindergarten math standards revolve around the concepts of foundational number sense, basic counting, simple comparisons and operations using objects, sorting skills, definition of measurable attributes, and shape recognition.

Enjoy this sampling of instructional videos, games, number sense, and fluency activities for your kindergarten classroom!

Some of the skills students will master in eSpark include:

Counting and Cardinality

  • Count to 100 by ones and tens.
  • Count forward from any given number within a known sequence, understand how to add 1 to any number.
  • Write numbers 0-20 and apply written numerals to objects.
  • Count to answer "how many?" questions about 0-20 objects in a variety of arrangements.
  • Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities, connect counting to cardinality.
  • Identify groups of objects as greater than, less than, or equal to one another.
  • Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals.

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds, actions, verbal explanations, expressions, and/or equations.
  • Solve addition and subtraction word problems within 10 by using objects and drawings.
  • Learn number bonds and how bigger numbers can be decomposed into smaller ones (e.g. 5 = 1 + 4).
  • Learn "friends of 10" strategies to make 10 from any single-digit number.
  • Fluently add and subtract within 5.

Numbers and Operations in Base Ten

  • Compose and decompose numbers from 11-19 using tens and ones.

Measurement and Data

  • Compare objects through basic measurements, like longer or shorter and heavier or lighter.
  • Count, classify, and sort objects in different categories.


  • Learn shape names and use them to describe different surrounding objects.
  • Correctly identify, compare and draw shapes.
  • Identify shapes with different dimensions.
  • Name shapes in different orientations.
  • Draw shapes.
  • Compose simple shapes to form larger shapes.

eSpark is truly unique in the world of online learning. Our holistic, student-centered approach blends the proven benefits of play-based learning with systematic, explicit, and direct instruction. It’s proof that learning can be fun, personalized, and effective, all at once!

eSpark meets the criteria for evidence-based interventions under ESSA guidelines, and has been proven in multiple studies to improve student performance in math and reading.

When you sign up for an eSpark account, your students experience these activities via adaptive, differentiated independent pathways and teacher-driven small group assignments. Teachers also have access to detailed usage and progress reports with valuable insights into standards mastery, student growth trends, and intervention opportunities.

With the addition of the game-changing Choice Texts for the 2023-2024 school year, eSpark has cemented its status as the most loved supplemental instruction option for students and teachers alike. Claim your free account today and see the difference for yourself!