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- Counting and Cardinality

**Kindergarten Math Domain: Counting and Cardinality**

In this domain, Kindergarten students will build on the skills and knowledge introduced in eSpark Learning’s Pre-K Counting and Cardinality curriculum. They will also use those learnings and apply them to brand-new concepts and ideas, using hands-on, engaging activities from eSpark along the way. Here’s a closer look at each Common Core standard within this domain:

**Count to 100**

Students will learn to count to 100 by ones and tens.

**Let’s Count**

Students will expand their knowledge of sequence by counting forward from any given number.

**Counting Numbers**

In this standard, students will learn to *write* numbers 0-20 and use those written numerals to represent groups of objects.

**Count Objects**

Expanding their knowledge of objects, students will learn to pair spoken numbers with objects.

**Count Objects**

This standard also focuses on counting objects but helps students understand that the number of things counted remains the same no matter how they are arranged or the order they were counted in.

**Counting and Cardinality **is one of five domains included in the Kindergarten math standards. During this phase of learning, students can expect to grow and develop their skills in:

- Counting to 100 by ones and tens
- Writing numbers 1-20 and apply written numerals to objects
- Counting 1-20 objects in a variety of arrangements
- Understanding the succession of numbers and how to add one
- Identifying groups of objects as greater than, less than, or equal to one another

eSpark Learning helps students practice and fine-tune the goals outlined for them in the Common Core. With standards-aligned activities, videos, games, and quizzes, students will expand their knowledge through fun and engaging hands-on learning. eSpark Learning also provides standards-aligned resources for teachers, helping them fine-tune their unique curriculum and provide individualized learning to maintain an active learning environment.

Below are examples of how eSpark Learning resources are aligned to each Common Core standard within the Counting and Cardinality domain:

**Count to 100**

Count to 100 by ones and by tens.

Through a fun and interactive game, students will help a caterpillar grow into a butterfly by placing numbers in order correctly.

**Let’s Count**

Count forward, beginning from a given number within the known sequence (instead of having to begin at 1).

Practice makes perfect! Students will continue to fine-tune their counting skills through interactive videos and games that will test their knowledge.

**Counting Numbers**

Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 0-20 (with 0 representing a count of no objects).

In this standards-aligned game, students will practice counting objects and showing how many there are with a written numeral.

**Count Objects**

When counting objects, say the number names in the standard order, pairing each object with one and only one number name and each number name with one and only one object.

The counting continues! During these engaging activities, students will learn to match numbers of objects with written numerals.

**Count Objects**

Understand that the last number name said tells the number of objects counted. The number of objects is the same regardless of their arrangement or the order in which they were counted.

Through a visual, learn-as-you-go game, students will be challenged to count and confirm the same number of objects in a variety of different configurations.

**Add One**

Understand that each successive number name refers to a quantity that is one larger.

This interactive game helps students better understand the succession of numbers while introducing the concept of addition.

**Count How Many**

Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 1-20, count out that many objects.

Students will continue to master their counting skills — only this time, they’ll engage with games and animations with up to 20 objects in different arrangements.

**More or Less?**

Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies.

Finally, through visuals and interactive games, students will begin to compare and contrast different quantities, helping them understand the concept of ‘more or less.’

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