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Kindergarten Reading Foundational Skills Standards Aligned Resources

Kindergarten ELA Domain: Reading Foundational Skills

In this first domain, Kindergarten students will build upon the skills and lessons they learned in eSpark Learning’s Pre-K ELA curriculum. They’ll continue engaging with stories, words, sounds, and letters of the alphabet. eSpark Learning supports students and teachers throughout the learning journey, providing standards-aligned activities and resources that are fun, engaging, and streamline learning in the classroom. Here’s a closer look at each standard within the Kindergarten Reading Foundational Skills domain: 

K.RF.1.a

Read Stories

In this standard, students will learn the basics of reading stories by following words left to right, top to bottom, and page by page.

K.RF.1.c

Read Stories

Next, students will focus specifically on the spaces in print that separate words.

K.RF.1.d

Upper and Lowercase Letters

Finally, students will analyze patterns and relationships using two given rules. First, they’ll identify apparent relationships between corresponding terms. From there, students will form and graph ordered pairs on a coordinate plane.

K.RF.2.a

Words That Rhyme

In this standard, students will continue to learn about and identify rhyming words.

K.RF.2.b

Count Syllables

Kindergarten students will focus on syllables in words, learning how to count and pronounce them.

K.RF.2.d

Letters Make Words

Students will focus on consonant-vowel-consonant words, learning to isolate and pronounce each sound.

K.RF.2.e

Word Families

In this standard, students will learn to add or change individual sounds in one-syllable words to make new ones.

K.RF.3.a

Letter Sounds

Students will learn the basics of one-to-one letter sounds.

K.RF.3.c

Sight Words

Students will continue to build their skills in reading by learning to recognize the most common high-frequency words by sight.

K.RF.3.d

Word Families

Finally, students will learn to tell the difference between similarly spelled words through sounds and letters.

Get Started with Kindergarten Reading Foundational Skills Learning Resources

Reading Foundational Skills is one of four domains included in the Kindergarten ELA standards. Students can expect to learn concepts like:

  • Understanding the basics of reading a story
  • Recognizing and identifying all upper and lowercase letters of the alphabet
  • Identifying and producing words that rhyme
  • Recognizing and counting syllables
  • Reading common high-frequency words 

With the help of eSpark Learning’s standards-aligned resources, students can learn 1.5 times faster than their peers. Through engaging activities, videos, songs, and games, teachers can feel more confident in their curriculum and ensure students are well on their way to achieving the goals and expectations outlined by the Common Core.

Teachers can also monitor students’ progress through eSpark, tracking their individual performance for each activity. With this knowledge, teachers can fine-tune their lessons and curriculum as they see fit, providing more individualized learning where needed. Below is a more detailed breakdown of each Common Core standard and corresponding activities to help students learn:

K.RF.1.a

Read Stories

Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page.

Through stories, read-aloud videos, and learning songs, students will become more engaged with storytelling and understand the basic principles of following text.

Sami Salamander's Sentences game
Choose which word to start reading from
Choose which word to add a space after

K.RF.1.c

Read Stories

Understand that words are separated by spaces in print.

Engaging read-along stories like My Pet Llamacorn help students continue to read stories word-by-word and page-by-page.

My Pet Llamacorn storybook
Introducing the Llamacorn, part llama and part unicorn
Fluffy the Llamacorn has magical powers and likes fruits and vegetables

K.RF.1.d

Upper and Lowercase Letters

Recognize and name all upper and lowercase letters of the alphabet.

In one of several engaging activities, students will take a trip to the dog park to help Deacon find all of his lost toys by identifying letters of the alphabet.

Deacon's Dog Park game
Help Deacon collect his toys by finding the letter X
Help Deacon collect his toys by finding the letter O

K.RF.2.a

Words That Rhyme

Recognize and produce rhyming words.

The classic Seasame Street gang is here to help! Students can board a train with Grover to play Rhyme Time, picking up different train cars with words that rhyme.

Grover's Rhyme Time game
Control the speed of the train with the levers below
Pick the right tunnel by choosing the item that rhymes with key

K.RF.2.b

Count Syllables

Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words.

After several instructional videos, students can jump into games like Jumping Syllables, where they help Austin jump on the trampoline to count and sound out syllables.

Jumping Syllables game
Jump on the trampoline for each syllable of the word baseball
Jump on the trampoline for each syllable of the word penguin

K.RF.2.d

Letters Make Words

Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words. (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/.)

In one of several games for this standard, students will enter a construction zone to help build words based on letter sounds.

Word Building game
Select the letters for the crane to add to build the word bed
Select the letters for the crane to add to build the word pot

K.RF.2.e

Word Families

Add or substitute individual sounds (phonemes) in simple, one-syllable words to make new words.

In one of several activities, students can go water sliding with Cat and Rabbit by identifying the sounds and letters of one-syllable words.

Water Sliding with Rabbit and Cat game
Select which word family hat belongs to to make Rabbit and Cat slide down the water slide
Select which word family chat belongs to to make Rabbit and Cat slide down the water slide

K.RF.3.a

Letter Sounds

Demonstrate basic knowledge of one-to-one letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary or many of the most frequent sound for each consonant.

Through interactive and engaging games, students will practice creating words based on letter sounds and pictures.

Ape Escape game
Help Claude the Monkey get back to his friends by choosing the letter that matches the sound
Help Claude the Monkey get back to his friends by choosing the letter that matches the sound

K.RF.3.d

Word Families

Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.

Students will sing along with Jack Hartmann to ‘workout with the word families.’

Workout with the word families video
Sound out the word
Sound out the word

Ready to get started teaching the standards with eSpark?