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First Grade Math Standards Aligned Teaching Resources

For First Grade students, the standards for Mathematical Practice focus on four crucial areas:

  1. Developing an understanding of addition and subtraction within 20
  2. Understanding whole number relationships and place value
  3. Learning linear measurement
  4. Composing and decomposing geometric shapes

With the help and support of eSpark Learning’s standards-aligned resources, First Grade students will continue to grow their mathematical knowledge developed in the Pre-K and Kindergarten curriculums. First, they’ll expand their skills in addition and subtraction by working with numbers up to 20. They’ll also learn the meaning of the equal sign to construct true or false word problems.

In the second standard, Number and Operations in Base Ten, students will be introduced to the concept of place value and how groups of tens create larger numbers. As they work with larger numbers, they’ll also learn to compare two-digit numbers using the greater than, less than, and equal to signs. From there, first graders will learn to add within 100.

Next, students will expand their knowledge of measurement by comparing the lengths of two different objects with a third. Through this method, they’ll also learn to measure objects without a ruler and calculate lengths using shorter objects. It’s also in this domain students will learn how to tell time to the half hour and hour using both analog and digital clocks.

In the final standard, students will continue to grow their proficiency in geometry. They’ll continue to learn about different shapes and their defining attributes. Using this knowledge, they’ll also begin to draw, build and divide shapes to better understand the concept that smaller shapes can make larger ones, and larger shapes can be deconstructed to form halves, fourths, and quarters.

eSpark Learning supports the entire classroom through this foundational year of learning — helping students learn 1.5 times faster than their peers and giving teachers the confidence to create a standards-aligned curriculum that sets everyone up for success in the years ahead.

See First Grade Standards Teaching Resources by Domain

As First Grade teachers navigate each mathematical domain, eSpark Learning provides interactive resources along the way, all of which are aligned with the Common Core standards. What’s more, teachers will be able to monitor students’ progress as they engage with eSpark’s activities, games, quizzes, and assessments, ensuring each student is on the right path to meet their standards goals by the end of the year. Here’s a breakdown of each domain within First Grade Math and what students and teachers can expect:

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Add and subtract up to 20
  • Solve word problems
  • Skip counting
  • Number families
  • Understanding the equal sign
  • Find missing numbers to solve problems

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Place value and tens and ones
  • Add two-digit numbers within 100
  • Add and subtracting mentally

Measurement and Data

  • Compare and contrast objects by length
  • Measure items without a ruler
  • Tell time to the hour and half hour
  • Sort and count objects


  • Learn more about different shapes
  • Draw shapes with defining attributes
  • Build two-dimensional shapes
  • Divide shapes into halves, fourths, and quarters

Ready to get started teaching the standards with eSpark?