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First Grade Reading Foundational Skills Standards Aligned Resources

First Grade ELA Domain: Reading Foundational Skills

First Grade students will build upon the skills and lessons they learned in eSpark Learning’s Pre-K and Kindergarten ELA curriculums in this first domain. They’ll continue developing a solid foundation for reading through familiar and brand-new concepts, like blending sounds to make words and learning about the silent ‘e.’ And with the help of eSpark’s standards-aligned activities, you can enhance your students’ learning inside the classroom and out. Here’s a closer look at each standard within the First Grade Reading Foundational Skills domain:

1.RF.1.a

Sentences

Students will learn to identify and recognize important aspects of sentences in this first domain, like punctuation and capitalization.

1.RF.2.a

Long and Short Vowels

Using single-syllable words, students will begin to understand the difference between long and short vowel sounds.

1.RF.2.b

Blend Sounds

First-graders will learn to form sing-syllable words by blending phonemes and consonants.

1.RF.2.c

Sounds You Hear in Words

In this domain, students will start to identify and pronounce different vowel sounds in single-syllable words.

1.RF.2.d

Blend Sounds to Make Words

First-graders will finish their lessons in phonemes by segmenting single-syllable words into a complete sequence.

1.RF.3.a.i

"Sh" and "Ch"

Next, students will begin to learn how to spell and sound out common consonant digraphs “sh” and “ch.”

1.RF.3.a.ii

"Wh," "Th,"and "Ck"

First-graders will expand their consonant digraph knowledge by learning secondary ones, like “ph,” “th,” “wh,” and “ck.”

1.RF.3.b

Blend Sounds to Make Words

In this domain, students will continue to create words by blending sounds in one-syllable words.

1.RF.3.c.i

Silent 'e'

First-graders will learn about the silent-e and its occurrence after long vowel sounds.

1.RF.3.c.ii

Vowel Teams

Students will continue to create long vowel sounds by pairing two vowels together.

1.RF.3.d

Identify Syllables

Using the knowledge from the previous standard, students will begin to count the number of syllables in a word based on vowel sounds.

1.RF.3.e

Identify Syllables

First-graders will level up their syllable knowledge by studying and dissecting two-syllable words.

1.RF.3.g

Sight Words

Students will continue to read and recognize irregularly spelled sight words.

Get Started with First Grade Reading Foundational Skills Learning Resources

Reading Foundational Skills is one of four domains included in the First Grade ELA standards. Students can expect to learn concepts like:

  • Recognizing distinguishing features of sentences
  • Distinguishing long from short vowel sounds
  • Learning consonant digraphs like ‘sh,’ ‘ch,’ ‘wh,’ ‘th,’ and ‘ck’
  • Decoding regularly spelled one-syllable words
  • Identifying syllables
  • Recognizing and reading irregularly spelled words

eSpark Learning is designed to help students in the classroom with standards-aligned activities that enhance their learning at a rate of 1.5 times faster. Teachers can also tap into eSpark’s database, monitoring students’ progress through each engaging video, activity, assessment, and game. With this information, teachers can customize and tailor a curriculum that works for their students’ unique learning needs. Below is a more detailed breakdown of each Common Core standard and corresponding activities to help students learn:

1.RF.1.a

Sentences

Recognize the distinguishing features of a sentence (e.g., first word, capitalization, ending punctuation).

In one of several standards-aligned activities, students will help Suzy the Sloth form sentences by identifying appropriate punctuation marks for sentences and letters that need to be capitalized.

Suzy sloth's sentences game
Suzy sloths sentences book page with question
Suzy sloths sentences book page with question

1.RF.2.a

Long and Short Vowels

Distinguish long from short vowel sounds in spoken single-syllable words.

First-graders can join Olive in her quest to scare away the dragons by identifying long and short vowel sounds in familiar words.

eSpark-Olive-vs-the-Dragons
eSpark-Olive-vs-the-Dragons-2
eSpark-Olive-vs-the-Dragons-3

1.RF.2.b

Blend Sounds

Orally produce single-syllable words by blending sounds (phonemes), including consonant blends.

Through several instructional videos and games, students will practice blending different sounds to produce single-syllable words.

eSpark-Blending-Sounds-Video
Grapes and green blending sounds
The word plant alongside a plant illustration

1.RF.2.c

Sounds You Hear in Words

Isolate and pronounce initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in spoken single-syllable words.

Team up with Zoe to find animals in the park! As students come across new friends, they’ll test their knowledge in identifying different sounds in words.

Animal Sound Search game home screen
Zoe and a black cat. What is the end sound in cat?
Zoe and a fox. What is the middle sound of fox?

1.RF.2.d

Blend Sounds to Make Words

Segment spoken single-syllable words into their complete sequence of individual sounds (phonemes).

In an engaging word-building game, first-graders will see and hear pictures, then select different letters and letter pairs to form the correct word!

Word Building game home screen
Blend sounds to make the word sheep
Blend sounds to make the word rich

1.RF.3.a.i

"Sh" and "Ch"

Know the spelling-sound correspondences for common consonant digraphs (sh/ch).

In one of several videos and learning songs, students will sing along with Hello Carrie to learn and identify different words with the “sh” and “ch” sounds.

eSpark-Hello-Carrie
eSpark-Hello-Carrie-1
eSpark-Hello-Carrie-2

1.RF.3.a.ii

"Wh," "Th,"and "Ck"

Know the spelling-sound correspondences for secondary consonant digraphs (ph/th/wh/ck).

Travel to Spelling City to play Read-A-Word! In this standards-aligned activity, first graders will choose their own scene, then identify words based on sounds like “wh,” “ph,” “th,” and “ck.”

eSpark-Read-A-Word
eSpark-Read-A-Word-2
eSpark-Read-A-Word-3

1.RF.3.b

Blend Sounds to Make Words

Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words.

In this familiar activity, students can continue building towers by creating words that match pictures and sounds.

eSpark-Word-Building
eSpark-Word-Building-2
eSpark-Word-Building-3

1.RF.3.c.i

Silent 'e'

Know final -e conventions for representing long vowel sounds.

Add a little magic to your classroom! In this engaging activity, students will put on a magic show by forming one-syllable words that end with a silent ‘e,’ like ‘cake!’

eSpark Magic e game home screen
Magic e silent
Magic e silent

1.RF.3.c.ii

Vowel Teams

Know common vowel team conventions for representing long vowel sounds.

Join Chef Duck in the Word Cafe to serve customers! Students will create yummy dishes by choosing the correct vowel sound in familiar, one-syllable words.

eSpark-Chef-Ducks-Word-Cafe
eSpark-Chef-Ducks-Word-Cafe-1
eSpark-Chef-Ducks-Word-Cafe-2

1.RF.3.d

Identify Syllables

Use knowledge that every syllable must have a vowel sound to determine the number of syllables in a printed word.

Let’s get cooking with the Syllable Slicer! In this fun activity, first-graders will practice identifying and counting syllables by slicing two-syllable words.

eSpark-Syllable-Slicer
eSpark-Syllable-Slicer-2
eSpark-Syllable-Slicer-3

1.RF.3.e

Identify Syllables

Decode two-syllable words following basic patterns by breaking the words into syllables.

Students will once again travel to Spelling City to play Syllables with Silly Bulls! They’ll continue counting syllables based on spoken and written words, determining whether a word has one, two, three, or four or more syllables!

eSpark-Syllables-with-Silly-Bulls-1
eSpark-Syllables-with-Silly-Bulls-2
eSpark-Syllables-with-Silly-Bulls-3

1.RF.3.g

Sight Words

Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.

Go digging with Quincy the Dog to learn how to recognize and read irregularly spelled words!

eSpark-Quincys-Sight-Word-Dig
eSpark-Quincys-Sight-Word-Dig-2
eSpark-Quincys-Sight-Word-Dig-3

Ready to get started teaching the standards with eSpark?