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Reading Literature Activities

Preview the standards covered within eSpark’s adaptive, self-paced pathways and assignments for Reading Literature ELA skills.

Pre-Kindergarten

PK.RL.1

Listen to Stories

With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about details of familiar stories.

PK.RL.2

Tell a Story

With prompting and support, retell familiar stories, nursery rhymes, or poems.

PK.RL.3

Important Characters

With prompting and support, identify the characters and setting of familiar stories.

PK.RL.4

Learn New Words

With prompting and support, begin to use context (including illustrations) to help define unknown words in familiar stories.

PK.RL.5

Poems and Fables

With prompting and support, recognize common types of texts (e.g., storybooks, poems).

PK.RL.7

Stories with Pictures

With prompting and support, use illustrations to help tell a familiar story.

PK.RL.9

Stories Can Be the Same

With prompting and support, compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in familiar stories.

Kindergarten

K.RL.1

Ask and Answer Questions

With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

K.RL.2

Retell Stories

With prompting and support, retell familiar stories, including key details.

K.RL.3

Tell What Happened

With prompting and support, identify characters, settings, and major events in a story.

K.RL.4

Identify Unknown Words

Ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.

K.RL.5.i

Identify Stories and Poems

Identify stories - Pretend.

K.RL.5.ii

Identify Stories and Poems

Identify poems.

K.RL.5.iii

Identify Stories and Poems

Identify stories - Real.

K.RL.7

Using Pictures in Stories

With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the story in which they appear (e.g., what moment in a story an illustration depicts).

K.RL.9

Compare and Contrast Stories

With prompting and support, compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in familiar stories.

1st Grade

1.RL.1

Questions About Stories

Ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

1.RL.2

Retell Stories

Retell stories, including key details, and demonstrate understanding of their central message or lesson.

1.RL.3

Characters, Plot, and Setting

Describe characters, settings, and major events in a story, using key details.

1.RL.4

Find Feeling Words in Stories

Identify words and phrases in stories or poems that suggest feelings or appeal to the senses.

1.RL.5.i

Fiction or Non-fiction?

Recognize a story as fiction.

1.RL.5.ii

Fiction or Non-fiction?

Recognize a story as non-fiction.

1.RL.6

Identify Who's Telling the Story

Identify who is telling the story at various points in a text.

1.RL.7

Images Help You Read

Use illustrations and details in a story to describe its characters, setting, or events.

1.RL.9

Compare and Contrast Characters

Compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in stories.

2nd Grade

2.RL.1

Ask and Answer Questions

Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.

2.RL.2

Stories Can Teach Lessons

Recount stories, including fables and folktales from diverse cultures, and determine their central message, lesson, or moral.

2.RL.3

Identify Characters and Events

Describe how characters in a story respond to major events and challenges.

2.RL.4

Rhythm and Mystery Words

Describe how words and phrases (e.g., regular beats, alliteration, rhymes, repeated lines) supply rhythm and meaning in a story, poem, or song.

2.RL.5

Explore Story Structure

Describe the overall structure of a story, including describing how the beginning introduces the story and the ending concludes the action.

2.RL.6

Discover Points of View

Acknowledge differences in the points of view of characters, including by speaking in a different voice for each character when reading dialogue aloud.

2.RL.7

Gain Meaning from Pictures

Explain how specific aspects of a text's illustrations contribute to what is conveyed by the words in a story (e.g., create mood, emphasize aspects of a character or setting).

2.RL.9

Compare, Contrast Series Books

Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot.

3rd Grade

3.RL.1

Understanding the Text

Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.

3.RL.2

Determine Message, Lesson, Moral

Recount stories, including fables, folktales, and myths from diverse cultures; determine the central message, lesson, or moral and explain how it is conveyed through key details in the text.

3.RL.3

Describe Characters in a Story

Describe characters in a story (e.g., their traits, motivations, or feelings) and explain how their actions contribute to the sequence of events.

3.RL.4

Literal vs Non-literal Language

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, distinguishing literal from nonliteral language.

3.RL.5

Identifying Text Structure

Refer to parts of stories, dramas, and poems when writing or speaking about a text, using terms such as chapter, scene, and stanza; describe how each successive part builds on earlier sections.

3.RL.6

Point of View

Distinguish their own point of view from that of the narrator or those of the characters.

3.RL.7

Illustrations Support Text

Explain how specific aspects of a text's illustrations contribute to what is conveyed by the words in a story (e.g., create mood, emphasize aspects of a character or setting).

3.RL.9

Compare, Contrast Series Books

Compare and contrast the themes, settings, and plots of stories written by the same author about the same or similar characters (e.g., in books from a series).

4th Grade

4.RL.1

Inferences Using Evidence

Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

4.RL.2

Summarize a Text's Main Idea

Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text.

4.RL.3

Describing Characters

Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., a character's thoughts, words, or actions).

4.RL.4

Meaning of Words and Phrases

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including those that allude to significant characters found in mythology (e.g., Herculean).

4.RL.5

Poems, Drama, and Prose

Explain major differences between poems, drama, and prose, and refer to the structural elements of poems (e.g., verse, rhythm, meter) and drama (e.g., casts of characters, settings, descriptions, dialogue, stage directions) when writing or speaking about a text.

4.RL.6

Different Points of View

Compare and contrast the point of view from which different stories are narrated, including the difference between first- and third-person narrations.

4.RL.7

Compare a Story and Visuals

Make connections between the text of a story or drama and a visual or oral presentation of the text, identifying where each version reflects specific descriptions and directions in the text.

4.RL.9

Compare and Contrast Themes

Compare and contrast the treatment of similar themes and topics (e.g., opposition of good and evil) and patterns of events (e.g., the quest) in stories, myths, and traditional literature from different cultures.

5th Grade

5.RL.1

Explicit Meaning and Inferences

Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

5.RL.2.i

Identify Theme through Characters

Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text.

5.RL.2.ii

Identify Theme through Characters

Determine how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic.

5.RL.2.iii

Summarizing a Text

Summarize the text.

5.RL.3

Comparing Story Elements

Compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., how characters interact).

5.RL.4

Unknown Words and Phrases

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes.

5.RL.5

Relating Pieces to the Whole

Explain how a series of chapters, scenes, or stanzas fits together to provide the overall structure of a particular story, drama, or poem.

5.RL.6

Narrator's Point of View

Describe how a narrator's or speaker's point of view influences how events are described.

5.RL.7.i

Enhance Meaning with Multimedia

Analyze how visual and multimedia elements contribute to the meaning of a text.

5.RL.7.ii

Enhance Tone with Multimedia

Analyze how visual and multimedia elements contribute to the tone of a text.

5.RL.7.iii

Enhance Tone with Multimedia

Analyze how visual and multimedia elements contribute to the beauty of a text.

5.RL.9

Comparing Similar Texts

Compare and contrast stories in the same genre (e.g., mysteries and adventure stories) on their approaches to similar themes and topics.

6th Grade

6.RL.1

Textual Evidence and Inferences

Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

6.RL.2

Theme

Determine a theme or central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments.

6.RL.3

Plot Development

Describe how a particular story's or drama's plot unfolds in a series of episodes as well as how the characters respond or change as the plot moves toward a resolution.

6.RL.5

Text Structure

Analyze how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the theme, setting, or plot.

6.RL.6

Point of View

Explain how an author develops the point of view of the narrator or speaker in a text.

6.RL.7

Compare a Text with a Performance

Compare and contrast the experience of reading a story, drama, or poem to listening to or viewing an audio, video, or live version of the text, including contrasting what they “see” and “hear” when reading the text to what they perceive when they listen or watch.

6.RL.9

Compare and Contrast Genres

Compare and contrast texts in different forms or genres (e.g., stories and poems; historical novels and fantasy stories) in terms of their approaches to similar themes and topics.

7th Grade

7.RL.1

Cite Textual Evidence

Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

7.RL.2

Thematic Development

Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.

7.RL.3

Elements of a Short Story

Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot).

7.RL.4

Figurative Language

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of rhymes and other repetitions of sounds (e.g., alliteration) on a specific verse or stanza of a poem or section of a story or drama.

7.RL.5

Text Structure

Analyze how a drama's or poem's form or structure (e.g., soliloquy, sonnet) contributes to its meaning.

7.RL.6

Contrasting Point of View

Analyze how an author develops and contrasts the points of view of different characters or narrators in a text.

7.RL.7

Compare Text and Multimedia

Compare and contrast a written story, drama, or poem to its audio, filmed, staged, or multimedia version, analyzing the effects of techniques unique to each medium (e.g., lighting, sound, color, or camera focus and angles in a film).

7.RL.9

Historical Fiction

Compare and contrast a fictional portrayal of a time, place, or character and a historical account of the same period as a means of understanding how authors of fiction use or alter history.

8th Grade

8.RL.1

Evidence and Inferences

Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

8.RL.2

Theme

Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to the characters, setting, and plot; provide an objective summary of the text.

8.RL.3

Analyze Incidents in a Story

Analyze how particular lines of dialogue or incidents in a story or drama propel the action, reveal aspects of a character, or provoke a decision.

8.RL.5

Comparing Text Structure

Compare and contrast the structure of two or more texts and analyze how the differing structure of each text contributes to its meaning and style.

8.RL.6

Point of View

Analyze how differences in the points of view of the characters and the audience or reader (e.g., created through the use of dramatic irony) create such effects as suspense or humor.

8.RL.7

Comparing Film and Literature

Analyze the extent to which a filmed or live production of a story or drama stays faithful to or departs from the text or script, evaluating the choices made by the director or actors.

8.RL.9

Fiction: Themes and Patterns

Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new.