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Reading Foundational Skills Activities

Preview the standards covered within eSpark’s adaptive, self-paced pathways and assignments for Reading Foundational ELA skills.

Pre-Kindergarten

PK.RF.1.d

Learn Letters

Recognize and name many letters of the alphabet.

PK.RF.2.a

Words That Rhyme

Supply rhyming words in familiar songs/jingles and identify or match words that rhyme.

PK.RF.2.c

Sounds in Words

Identify initial sounds of familiar words. (Student's own name, names of classmates and items in the classroom/school, etc.)

PK.RF.3.a

Letter Sounds

Identify most common letter sounds.

PK.RF.3.c

Sight Words

Begin to identify high-frequency words.

PK.RF.4

Read Stories

With prompting and support, begin to engage in a variety of texts with purpose and understanding.

Kindergarten

K.RF.1.a

Read Stories

Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page.

K.RF.1.c

Read Stories

Understand that words are separated by spaces in print.

K.RF.1.d

Upper and Lowercase Letters

Recognize and name all upper and lowercase letters of the alphabet.

K.RF.2.a

Words That Rhyme

Recognize and produce rhyming words.

K.RF.2.b

Count Syllables

Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words.

K.RF.2.d

Letters Make Words

Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words. (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/.)

K.RF.2.e

Word Families

Add or substitute individual sounds (phonemes) in simple, one-syllable words to make new words.

K.RF.3.a

Letter Sounds

Demonstrate basic knowledge of one-to-one letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary or many of the most frequent sound for each consonant.

K.RF.3.c

Sight Words

Read common high-frequency words by sight (e.g., the, of, to, you, she, my, is, are, do, does).

K.RF.3.d

Word Families

Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.

1st Grade

1.RF.1.a

Sentences

Recognize the distinguishing features of a sentence (e.g., first word, capitalization, ending punctuation).

1.RF.2.a

Long and Short Vowels

Distinguish long from short vowel sounds in spoken single-syllable words.

1.RF.2.b

Blend Sounds

Orally produce single-syllable words by blending sounds (phonemes), including consonant blends.

1.RF.2.c

Sounds You Hear in Words

Isolate and pronounce initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in spoken single-syllable words.

1.RF.2.d

Blend Sounds to Make Words

Segment spoken single-syllable words into their complete sequence of individual sounds (phonemes).

1.RF.3.a.i

"Sh" and "Ch"

Know the spelling-sound correspondences for common consonant digraphs (sh/ch).

1.RF.3.a.ii

"Wh," "Th,"and "Ck"

Know the spelling-sound correspondences for secondary consonant digraphs (ph/th/wh/ck).

1.RF.3.b

Blend Sounds to Make Words

Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words.

1.RF.3.c.i

Silent 'e'

Know final -e conventions for representing long vowel sounds.

1.RF.3.c.ii

Vowel Teams

Know common vowel team conventions for representing long vowel sounds.

1.RF.3.d

Identify Syllables

Use knowledge that every syllable must have a vowel sound to determine the number of syllables in a printed word.

1.RF.3.e

Identify Syllables

Decode two-syllable words following basic patterns by breaking the words into syllables.

1.RF.3.g

Sight Words

Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.

2nd Grade

2.RF.3.a

Long and Short Vowels

Distinguish long and short vowels when reading regularly spelled one-syllable words.

2.RF.3.b.i

R-Controlled Vowels

Know spelling-sound correspondences for r-controlled vowels.

2.RF.3.b.ii

"ai," "ay," and "ow"

Know spelling-sound correspondences for different vowel teams that make the same sound (examples: ai/ay or ue/ew).

2.RF.3.d

Decode Words

Decode words with common prefixes and suffixes.

2.RF.3.e

Tricky Spelling Patterns

Identify words with inconsistent but common spelling-sound correspondences.

2.RF.3.f

Irregularly Spelled Words

Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.

3rd Grade

3.RF.3.a

Common Prefixes and Suffixes

Identify and know the meaning of the most common prefixes and derivational suffixes.

3.RF.3.d

Reading Sight Words

Read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.

3.RF.4.b

Read with Fluency

Read on-level prose and poetry orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.