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First Grade ELA Activities

Preview the standards covered within eSpark’s adaptive, self-paced pathways and assignments for First Grade English Language Arts.

Reading Foundational Skills

1.RF.1.a

Sentences

Recognize the distinguishing features of a sentence (e.g., first word, capitalization, ending punctuation).

1.RF.2.a

Long and Short Vowels

Distinguish long from short vowel sounds in spoken single-syllable words.

1.RF.2.b

Blend Sounds

Orally produce single-syllable words by blending sounds (phonemes), including consonant blends.

1.RF.2.c

Sounds You Hear in Words

Isolate and pronounce initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in spoken single-syllable words.

1.RF.2.d

Blend Sounds to Make Words

Segment spoken single-syllable words into their complete sequence of individual sounds (phonemes).

1.RF.3.a.i

"Sh" and "Ch"

Know the spelling-sound correspondences for common consonant digraphs (sh/ch).

1.RF.3.a.ii

"Wh," "Th,"and "Ck"

Know the spelling-sound correspondences for secondary consonant digraphs (ph/th/wh/ck).

1.RF.3.b

Blend Sounds to Make Words

Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words.

1.RF.3.c.i

Silent 'e'

Know final -e conventions for representing long vowel sounds.

1.RF.3.c.ii

Vowel Teams

Know common vowel team conventions for representing long vowel sounds.

1.RF.3.d

Identify Syllables

Use knowledge that every syllable must have a vowel sound to determine the number of syllables in a printed word.

1.RF.3.e

Identify Syllables

Decode two-syllable words following basic patterns by breaking the words into syllables.

1.RF.3.g

Sight Words

Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.

Language

1.L.4.a

Context Clues

Use sentence-level context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

1.L.4.b

Prefixes and Suffixes

Use frequently occurring affixes as a clue to the meaning of a word.

1.L.5.a

Sorting Words

Sort words into categories (e.g., colors, clothing) to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent.

1.L.5.c

Words and Their Use

Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., note places at home that are cozy).

1.L.5.d

What are Synonyms?

Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs differing in manner (e.g., look, peek, glance, stare, glare, scowl) and adjectives differing in intensity (e.g., large, gigantic) by defining or choosing them or by acting out the meanings.

Reading Literature

1.RL.1

Questions About Stories

Ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

1.RL.2

Retell Stories

Retell stories, including key details, and demonstrate understanding of their central message or lesson.

1.RL.3

Characters, Plot, and Setting

Describe characters, settings, and major events in a story, using key details.

1.RL.4

Find Feeling Words in Stories

Identify words and phrases in stories or poems that suggest feelings or appeal to the senses.

1.RL.5.i

Fiction or Non-fiction?

Recognize a story as fiction.

1.RL.5.ii

Fiction or Non-fiction?

Recognize a story as non-fiction.

1.RL.6

Identify Who's Telling the Story

Identify who is telling the story at various points in a text.

1.RL.7

Images Help You Read

Use illustrations and details in a story to describe its characters, setting, or events.

1.RL.9

Compare and Contrast Characters

Compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in stories.

Reading Informational Text

1.RI.1

Answer Questions About Stories

Ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

1.RI.2

Find the Main Idea

Identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.

1.RI.3

Make Connections

Describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information in a text.

1.RI.4

Find Meaning of Words

Ask and answer questions to help determine or clarify the meaning of words and phrases in a text.

1.RI.6

Use Images to Understand a Text

Distinguish between information provided by pictures or other illustrations and information provided by the words in a text.

1.RI.7

Use Images To Explain a Text

Use the illustrations and details in a text to describe its key ideas.

1.RI.8

Identify Author's Purpose

Identify the reasons an author gives to support points in a text.

1.RI.9

Compare and Contrast Texts

Identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).